The African Mining Vision (AMV) was formally established in 2009 by the African Union (AU), to promote equitable, broad-based development through the prudent utilization of the continent’s natural wealth. The AMV looks broadly and deeply at how development can be achieved through the creation of local value, driven by the strategic use of mineral resources in Africa. It charts a path for generating and realizing various types of linkages arising from the mineral sector through industrial development and technical upgrading.
The AMV recognizes the contribution of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) to local economic development, and promotes women’s rights and gender justice. It establishes a progressive fiscal regime that can curb the hemorrhaging of the continent’s resources through tax evasion and avoidance and illicit financial flows from the mineral sector. It upholds the principle of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) for mining-affected communities, and addresses the social and environmental impacts of mining. It is designed to be flexible and dynamic; implemented through derivative policy instruments – the Country Mining Vision, African Mineral Governance Framework and Compact with the Private Sector – while maintaining an integrated, strategic vision for national development.
However, ten years after its inception, implementation has been slow and there is a low level of awareness of the framework among key stakeholders in the mineral sector.
Although 24 out of the 54 AU member states including Tanzania are in various stages of nationally implementing the AMV, the progress has been slow and therefore out of step with the feverish expectations surrounding its creation. Only very few countries have fully adopted the AMV through the development of a Country Mining Vision. Today, there is a general lack of awareness of the AMV, particularly among key stakeholders in Africa’s mineral sector. Civil society, which could act as a champion for the AMV, has not been fully engaged in grassroots mobilization and policy advocacy which could influence its uptake and impact. Above all, there is insufficient independent analysis of the shortcomings in the AMV that should be addressed. Almost a decade after adopting the AMV, despite its objective of transforming the African mining sectors, not much has changed.
HakiMadini with the likeminded organizations in Tanzania and East Africa are playing an active and important role in promoting the vision and ensuring its visibility through public and stakeholder awareness and lobbying activities for its implementation. HakiMadini is striving to make sure that Tanzania adopts AMV and comes up with the Country’s Mining Vision as well as several actors from communities; Regional Mining Associations (REMAs), Women Miners Associations, extractive industries platforms, social movement and civil society organizations have integrated the vision in their work in the form of Tanzania mining vision.