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ASM DIALOGUE IN TANZANIA
TOWARDS RESPONSIBLE, EQUITABLE AND PRODUCTIVE ASM IN TANZANIA
The dialogue, being organised by Haki Madini and the UK-based International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), aims to foster multi-stakeholder collaboration for responsible ASM contributing to sustainable development in Tanzania. The dialogue will look at challenges and solutions based on local priorities. It is also expected to build a better understanding of roles and relationship between the key stakeholders.
Mining in Tanzania has over 800,000 Km2 of varied geological terrains with potential mineral resources. Tapping on these resources, Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) has been a source of livelihood for a significant number of people in Tanzania for centuries (MEM, 2014b).
MTL Consulting was appointed as Country Dialogue Researcher in order to provide an evidence base to the dialogue process. Focussing on gold, gemstones (including diamond) and development minerals (including industrial and building materials), the researchers have been undertaking desk-based and field data collection. The research will provide analytical review of the challenges facing ASM, solutions already in place, and solutions recommended by the various stakeholders consulted..
HakiMadini was appointed as Country Dialogue Convenor and will play a key role in:
1. Creating an environment for an effective country dialogue on ASM in relation to the whole mining sector, involving government, private sector (large and small), communities, and non-governmental organisations
2. Facilitating next steps and solutions after the country dialogue, advocating and supporting implementation of recommendations and outcomes from the dialogue.
PRE-DIALOGUE ENGAGEMENTS AND SITE SELECTION
Over the period 11-19 May, HakiMadini, MTL Consulting and the IIED team conducted uni/bi-stakeholder engagements with various stakeholders in Mererani, Geita, Dodoma and Dar es Salaam. As part of the pre-dialogue stage, these engagements were aimed at receiving stakeholder input on MTL’s preliminary research findings, capturing each stakeholder group’s perspective on thematic challenges and solutions. The engagements also sought comment and advice on the design of the dialogue process, dialogue agenda, participation, facilitation, and potential post-dialogue leadership.
Stakeholders met represented: ASM operators at various levels, ASM regional associations, women miners regional association, ASM brokers, local governments, Commission of Minerals, Geological Survey Tanzania, Chamber of Mines, Parliamentary Committee for Energy and Minerals, Mineral Resources Institute, civil society organisations, faith-based organisations, academia and the media.
It was agreed that the dialogue will be held in Geita over four days on 03-06 July, starting with two days of mining site visits followed by two days of intensive workshop.
The Dialogue Researcher’s site mapping exercise and engagement with stakeholders informed the decision of where the dialogue should be held and the ASM sites to be visited. Mining areas in which mining site visits will take place are tentatively selected to be Nyaragusu and Rwangaza.
The sites’ selection will be made considering a number of factors including the existence of ‘good practices’ and some level of organisation within ASM groups as well as progress made by poorly resourced ASM operators. Site visits aim to enhance transfer of lessons and experience during the dialogue process.
While those are sites in which the dialogue and visits to mining sites for learning will take place, the research and uni/bi-stakeholder engagements have covered mining sites in Geita, Tanga and Mirerani regions. Selection of these sites was based on availability of commodities which the dialogue focuses on and geographical location of ASM activities. The criteria used for site selection is based on three factors:
1. Type of minerals mostly mined
2. Number of ASM operators involved
3. Demographic spread