Public Education and Activism Program


Public Education and Activism program provide education and sensitization regarding policies, laws and information to small scale miners and communities living in mining areas with the aim of enhancing knowledge base to small scale miners and communities and trigger their capacity to influence decision making bodies to respond to their needs. 
This program like to see people's active participation in pushing the government to adhere to the best mining practice ang rights of small scale miners to engage in the industry.

Tanzania  Mining sector

Mining in Tanzania dates back to the pre-colonial era when Arab and local traders mined and sold the country’s natural resources including gold, copper, iron, and salt. The first commercial mining for gold was undertaken in the area surrounding Lake Victoria under the German colonial administrations in the 1890s. The estimated total value of minerals, mainly gold and mica, produced during 34 years of German administration (1884-1918) was between Tshs. 7 million and Tshs. 10 million.  
During the 1920s and 1930s a number of British and South African mining operations opened and diamonds were discovered in the Mwadui area. However, mining activity subsided during the Second World War, during which prospecting for gold was banned.

Today Tanzania is the 5th largest gold producer in Africa after South Africa, Ghana, Congo DRC and Mali. Gold production currently stands at roughly 40 tones a year, copper at 2980 tones, silver at 10 tones and diamond at 112670 carats. In total the mining sector contributes 2.8% to GDP each year but this could rise considerably in future years, with Business Monitor International (BMI) forecasting average annual growth in the sector of 7.7% between 2011 and 2015. BMI also predict a doubling in value of the sector between 2010 and 2015, from US$0.64bn to US$1.28bn.

Minerals identified within Tanzania include gold, iron ore, nickel, copper, cobalt, silver, diamond, tanzanite, ruby, garnet, limestone, soda ash, gypsum, salt, phosphate, coal, uranium, gravel, sand and dimension stones.  Very recent Tanzania drew international attention by almost trebling its appraisal of its natural gas reserves. Now confirmed at 56 Trillion Cubic feet (TCF), they are valued more than $430 billion.

Problems and challenges facing Mining Sector in Tanzania

Despite all the natural wealth, poverty continues impacting the majority of Tanzanians. It is a country where 38 million plus population live in abject poverty, below a dollar per day, while 89 percent of the total populations survive on a single meal per day. If well managed through sound, people-centered mining policies, the extractive sector can catapult Tanzanians to the proverbial promised land generations to come.

Comparing these huge deposits and the actual situation of poverty in the country, the message that comes across one's mind is that Tanzania may be sliding into what experts describe as 'resource curse.' The term 'resource curse' refers to the observation that nations with rich endowments of natural resources (oil, gas, metals, timber) often dramatically under-perform economically relative to what one would expect.

HakiMadini asks "who benefits from Tanzania's wealth?" We argue that the current macro-economic assumption that wealth created by foreign investors in the Extractive Industries filters down and increases household wealth and broad-based local development is unfounded.

HakiMadini believes that Tanzania's mineral resources are God-given and that communities surrounding this wealth should receive benefit. We contend that democracy starts by re-investing in local development opportunities. HakiMadini believes that it is only through affirmative action with women, men and children that we can start to bring democratic practice to our homes, community and nation.

Program desires the following outcomes

  1. HakiMadini through this program desires to see the following:
  2. Tanzania Benefit from pro poor mining
  3. Increased knowledge, understanding and best practice on mining sector 
  4. Enhanced knowledge base  of artisanal small scale miners and communities in decision making on mining and related issues
  5. Direct messages from the artisanal small scale miners to the government and policy makers through the use of media
  6. Government response to issues raised by small scale miners and communities on extractive sector in Tanzania
  7. Mining companies adherence to corporate social responsibility and audited revenues
  8. Policies and laws regulating the extractive sector and artisanal small scale miners improved
  9. Improved livelihoods of artisanal miners and people in mining areas

Project Strategies

  1. Community engagement  with Tanzanian Policy makers:- The strategy is meant to reduce information gap between the Policy makers and communities impacted by large mining concessions in Tanzania. This will not only increase legislative oversight roles over the sector, but also build citizens confidence to demand for accountability.
  2. Engaging with the elite, academicians and civil societies activists:- This aims at creating synergy between initiatives done by different stakeholders working around extractive industry. The engagement will also seek ways to cushion or mitigate socio-economic impacts identified with the sector. 
  3. Media engagement:- There is a need to keep dialogue alive with the use of the media especially community         radio programs, social media and TV interviews. 
  4. Hosting Forums and Symposiums:- Hosting Symposiums in order to encourage dialogue between the government, CSOs, media, academia, policy makers, business companies as well as large mining companies to showcase the potential of mineral endowment, share reflections and development insights for the betterment of Tanzania. 
  5. Networking/Partnership
  6. Campaigning
  7. Developing ASM sector knowledge hub

 

 

 



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